Vatican is the smallest independent state in the world by both area and population (44 hectares and a population of around 840). It is also the Pope’s residence, referred to as the Apostolic Palace.

Vatican City is home to some of the most famous cultural sites in the world, including Vatican Museum, The Sistine Chapel and St. Peter’s Basilica, with important architects such as Bramante, Michelangelo, Giacomo della Porta, Maderno and Bernini. Artists such as Raphael and Fra Angelico decorated the interiors of the Vatican, and The Sistine Chapel is renowned for its frescos and its famous artists, such as Domenico Ghirlandaio, Perugino and Botticelli.